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  • Writer's pictureBrowns' Family Farmstead

Hydration and Health: 5 Additives for Chickens' Water

Maintaining the health and well-being of your chicken flock is crucial for their productivity and longevity. While clean, fresh water is a staple, adding certain supplements can significantly enhance their health. In this article, we'll explore five essential supplements that can be added to your chickens' water to promote optimal health and vitality. From the natural antibiotic properties of oregano to the immune-boosting benefits of apple cider vinegar, we'll cover a range of additives including electrolytes, sugar water, and coccidiosis prevention. Let's dive into how these supplements can keep your flock happy and thriving.


Table of Contents

Oregano, Corid, Poultry Cell and Apple Cider vinegar chicken water supplements

Boost Immunity with Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV)

Apple cider vinegar (ACV) is a popular, affordable and easy to use supplement for chicken water. ACV acts as a natural immune booster, helping chickens fend off infections and illnesses. It also aids digestion, supports respiratory health, and can improve the overall well-being of your flock.


The "mother" in apple cider vinegar (ACV) such as Braggs is crucial for its beneficial effects on chickens. This cloudy, cobweb-like substance contains beneficial bacteria, enzymes, and proteins that support gut health, aid digestion, and boost immunity. These components help maintain a healthy balance of microorganisms in the digestive tract, which is essential for chickens' overall well-being and disease resistance. When choosing ACV for your flock, opt for organic, unfiltered varieties that retain the mother to ensure your chickens receive the full spectrum of health benefits.


To use ACV, add 1 tablespoon per gallon of water. It's best to use plastic or glass waterers, as ACV can corrode metal ones over time. We recommend adding this supplement to the most frequented water source. Although ACV typically has a long shelf life if stored properly in a cool, dark place, the prepared mixture should be used quickly. For our flock of 40+ chickens, we use several 12-gallon waterers that last one to two weeks. Given the size of these containers, we opt to put ACV in the 3-gallon waterer instead.


Combat Coccidiosis Effectively

Coccidiosis is a common intestinal disease in chickens caused by microscopic parasites called coccidia. Symptoms include diarrhea, weight loss, and decreased egg production, posing a significant health threat to poultry flocks.


To combat coccidiosis, we use Corid 9.6% Bovine Coccidiosis Oral Solution, albeit in a highly diluted form suitable for chickens. This medication contains amprolium, which works by inhibiting the growth of coccidia in the intestines, thereby reducing the severity of the infection.


For prevention, a diluted concentration of 0.006% to 0.012% (approximately 1/4 teaspoon per gallon of water) is recommended in the drinking water for 5-7 days. For treatment of active coccidiosis, a slightly higher concentration of 0.024% (about 1.5 teaspoons per gallon of water) should be administered for 5 days. It's crucial to provide the medicated water as the sole drinking source during treatment to ensure effectiveness. Regular monitoring and prompt treatment are essential to mitigate the impact of coccidiosis and maintain a healthy flock.


Essential Electrolytes for Hydration

Electrolytes play a vital role in maintaining hydration and overall health in chickens, especially during periods of stress, heat, illness, or transportation.


These essential minerals, including sodium, potassium, and chloride, help regulate fluid balance, nerve function, and muscle contractions. Adding electrolytes to your chickens' water can help replenish lost minerals and support their immune system, ensuring they remain hydrated and resilient.


Electrolytes can be crucial for the health of baby chicks or chickens that are struggling. During early growth stages or times of stress, such as transportation or illness, baby chicks can easily become dehydrated or imbalanced. Adding electrolytes to their water can provide a boost of essential nutrients, aiding in their recovery and overall resilience. It's essential to closely monitor chicks' behavior and health while offering electrolytes to ensure they receive the support needed for healthy development.


It's recommended to use electrolytes according to package instructions, typically adding a specified amount to the drinking water during stressful periods. Monitoring your flock's behavior and health while providing electrolytes can help ensure they receive optimal care during challenging conditions.


Oregano: Natural Antibiotic

Oregano is known for its natural antibacterial and antioxidant properties, making it a beneficial supplement for chickens, particularly in their water. The active compounds in oregano can help support respiratory health and boost immunity, making it especially useful during periods of stress or exposure to pathogens.


To incorporate oregano into their regimen, add fresh or dried oregano leaves to their water sources. We prefer to boil our leaves in the water similar to a tea until the water turns green to ensure the oregano is fully infused.


Oregano supplements can be purchased, but we prefer to grow our own from seed and harvest as needed for an afforable option.


Monitor your chickens' response to ensure they are benefiting from this natural remedy. As with any supplement, consult with a veterinarian for guidance on dosage and frequency, especially if you have specific health concerns or are using it preventively.


Quick Energy with Sugar Water

Sugar water can be used as a quick energy boost for chickens, especially during times of stress or illness. The sugar supplement provides a readily available source of glucose, which can help replenish energy levels and support chickens that may be struggling. This supplement is most common for young chicks that are lethargic as it can give them the boost they need. We have used this trick many times ourselves.


It's important to note that sugar water should be used sparingly and only as needed, since excessive sugar intake can disrupt gut health and lead to other health issues in chickens.


When preparing sugar water, dissolve a small amount of sugar (such as a tablespoon per gallon of water) in lukewarm water and offer it to the chickens in a separate waterer. Monitor their response and consult with a veterinarian if chickens are experiencing prolonged periods of stress or illness.


Vitamins and Mineral Supplements

Vitamins and supplements like Rooster Booster are ensure chickens receive balanced nutrition to support their growth, health, and productivity. These products often contain a mix of vitamins, minerals, and sometimes probiotics, tailored to meet the specific needs of poultry.


Adding Rooster Booster or similar supplements to chickens' diets can help fill nutritional gaps, boost immunity, promote healthy feather growth, and support egg production in laying hens.


We provide this supplement to our flock regularly, especially when introducing new chicks to the flock. We had a chicken named Taupe that would bob when she would walk, fly into walls, and generally seem disoriented. After a brief period of isolation and a few doses of vitamins and minerals she has made a full recovery.


It's important to follow dosage recommendations carefully and consult with a veterinarian for guidance on incorporating supplements effectively into your flock's feeding regimen.


Healthy White Brahma (Luna) that gets her hydration and water supplements

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, providing supplements such as apple cider vinegar, electrolytes, oregano, sugar water, and vitamins can play a significant role in maintaining the health and well-being of your chickens.


Each supplement offers unique benefits, from enhancing immune function and supporting digestion to providing quick energy boosts during times of stress. However, it's essential to use supplements judiciously and according to recommended guidelines to avoid overuse or potential health risks.


Monitoring your flock's response and consulting with a poultry veterinarian for tailored advice will help ensure your chickens thrive and remain resilient against common health challenges. By prioritizing balanced nutrition and proactive care, you can help your chickens lead healthy and productive lives.


Learn More

  • Raising Chickens 101: A Comprehensive Guide for Beginners: Ready to embark on your chicken-raising adventure? This comprehensive guide is tailored for beginners, covering all the basics of raising chickens and ensuring a successful and rewarding experience.

  • How Long Do Farm Fresh Eggs Last? We will answer that question and so many more. Here is everything you need to know about how long they last, if they need refrigerated, and what makes them different from store-bought eggs.

  • Goat Coccidiosis Treatment: Coccidiosis is a common and potentially severe disease that affects goats, especially young kids. Caused by the parasitic protozoa known as coccidia, this illness can lead to significant health issues and even mortality if not properly managed.


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